In Chile, there are more than 100,000 hospitalizations a year for heart disease, and it is also one of the main causes of death. For this reason, prevention is key and going to the cardi ologist is vital, especially if they have some warning symptoms.
For this, be attentive to symptoms and carry out periodic medical check-ups to avoid surprises.
“A constant medical check-up should be done after the age of 35 if one is in any risk group, a direct relative has had a heart attack before the age of 50, or for cardiovascular evaluation prior to sports activity,” says Dr. Nilo Carvajal, head of the INDISA Clinic Cardiology Unit.
In addition, the doctor recommends that regardless of the background, since a person turns 40, they should have a check-up every five years.
Some of the most common diseases are arrhythmias, murmurs, tachycardias, congenital deformations and heart attacks.
In general, most of these diseases manifest with:
- Chest, limb, jaw or back pain.
- Difficulty breathing
- Tiredness and limitation to do habitual things, such as walking or getting dressed.
- Accelerated palpitation, which could account for an arrhythmia.
- Fainting spells that could indicate an electrical dysfunction of the heart
“Even if some of these symptoms are felt slightly, you should go to the cardiologist for a thorough medical review and thus be able to detect any developing pathology in time,” explained Dr. Carvajal.
Age is the main drawback, the older you are, the more likely you are to get heart disease. But family history must also be considered.
“If a young person has parents with heart attacks before the age of 60, they will have a greater risk,” says the head of the Cardiology Unit at Clínica INDISA.
Smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, high cholesterol, sedentary lifestyle, poor diet, and stress can also influence heart health.
“All these diseases can be prevented or have a better diagnosis if lifestyle habits are improved. It is extremely important to adopt a healthy lifestyle, where physical activity and a balanced diet are essential in the routine of all people, regardless of their age ”, concludes Dr. Nilo Carvajal.
This article is designed to be informative and is not intended to provide medical advice or solutions. Always ask your doctor or specialist if you have questions about your health or before starting treatment.